The United States and China – analysis of striving for hegemony in the second half of the 20th century
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Akademia Sztuki Wojennej, Warszawa, Polska
Uniwersytet Medyczny, Lublin, Polska
Państwowa Akademia Nauk Stosowanych, Chełm, Polska
Publication date: 2023-08-10
Bezpieczeństwo Narodowe 2023;42(1):65-94
The processes taking place in the world affect every sphere of the state. They affect the change of state structures, economic, technological, military and IT development. The dynamics of these processes are related to globalization. The struggle for hegemony in the world among modern powers has its foundations in newly emerging directions that stabilize the position of the state. The development in the United States began to prosper after World War II. Such a course of events led to the global rule of this superpower. The analysis of the Marshall Plan will make it possible to understand what processes took place so that the United States could rise to the position of a global power. The changing world poses constant challenges to the states that want to rule the world. Maintaining power by the current hegemon is becoming more and more difficult due to the economic growth of other countries and the struggle for influence on the international stage. Only the appropriate policy of the state and advanced development allow it to maintain the position of global power. China in the 19th and 20th centuries recorded a huge economic, military, technological and information development. China’s response to the changing world and globalization processes was the introduction of economic globalization. This turn of events drew the world’s attention to China as a contender for the position of global hegemon. The position of a world power allows the state to increase the level of security of its citizens and to set boundries for other countries.
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