Presidential strategic Law. State response to hybrid, sub-threshold and conventional threats.
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Biuro Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Warszawa, Polska
Publication date: 2023-09-04
Bezpieczeństwo Narodowe 2023;42(1):13-31
Due to increased external threats to the security of the state, caused by the actions of the Russian Federation, the National Security Bureau was tasked by the President of the Republic of Poland Andrzej Duda to work on defining the main areas within the national security system which required changes and adaptation to new threats. Such work was carried out by the Bureau in late 2022 and early 2023. After conducting, in January 2023, the biggest simulation exercises after 1989, with the participation of the highest states authorities, and following the analysis of the hostilities in Ukraine, as well as the emergency situations related to them which occurred in the Polish territory, the President of the Republic of Poland concluded that the priority areas requiring reforms were: state security management system, defense planning, command and control of the Polish Armed Forces. The proposed regulations were included in the draft law on the directions of action of the state authorities in case of an external threat to the state, published on August 16, 2023. One of the main goals of the draft law is to ensure the adaptation of the security system to conventional, hybrid and sub-threshold threats, the improvement of flexibility and speed of response to them, as well as the maximum alignment of the structures and procedures applied in time of war and in time of peace. Submitting a strategic legislative initiative by the President of the Republic of Poland is dictated by the constitutional role performed by the Head of State which boils down to guarding the sovereignty and security as well as inviolability and indivisibility of the territory of the Republic of Poland, including special competences of the President of Poland as the one who directs the defense of state in time of war.
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