Russian state terror and mass repression applied to the civilian population during the aggression against Ukraine. Lessons for NATO's eastern flank countries and Poland.
More details
Hide details
BBN, Biuro Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Polska
Submission date: 2023-11-07
Acceptance date: 2023-12-10
Publication date: 2023-12-31
Corresponding author
Paweł Maciej Turowski   

BBN, Biuro Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Karowa 10, 00-315, Warszawa, Polska
Bezpieczeństwo Narodowe 2023;43(2):57-79
With the attack on Ukraine, the Russian Federation has applied state terror on a wide scale. The murder of civilians, rape and forced resettlement on a massive scale are designed to break the will to resist within the Ukrainian society. The repression is assumed to cover 5 per cent of the population – estimated at 1.8–2 million Ukrainians. The repression involves not just the army, but also FSB, Interior Ministry or Rosgvardia. Russian uses propaganda as a cover-up of the repression, claiming that Nazism has been reborn in Ukraine and it must be destroyed. Signs of Ukrainian patriotism have been defined as Nazism, and are being fought with terror. Estonian Prime Minister, Kaja Kallas, has stated that if Russia occupied her country, it would be wiped off the map. With the Estonian population being less than 900,000, Russia could end the existence of the Estonian nation with the use of the same state terror practices that were committed upon Ukraine. The question must be asked: are the civil protection systems in NATO’s Eastern Flank countries designed to ensure security or do they need to be adjusted and changed.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top